Breathe Life: Gleneagles HealthCity Chennai's Pinnacle Heart & Lung Transplant Program

A heart and lung transplant is a complex surgical procedure in which both the heart and lungs of a patient are replaced with those from a donor. This type of transplant is typically considered for patients with severe, end-stage heart and lung diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, or severe congenital heart defects, where both organs are failing and cannot be treated effectively with other medical or surgical interventions.

Procedure Overview:

  1. Evaluation and Listing:
    • Patients undergo a thorough medical evaluation to determine if they are suitable candidates for the transplant. This includes assessments of their overall health, organ function, and psychological readiness.
    • If deemed suitable, patients are placed on the transplant waiting list.
  2. Donor Selection:
    • Donor organs are matched based on blood type, size, and other factors to ensure compatibility with the recipient.
    • The organs must be harvested from a donor who is brain dead but still on life support to keep the organs viable.
  3. Surgical Process:
    • The recipient is placed under general anesthesia.
    • The surgical team removes the diseased heart and lungs.
    • The donor heart and lungs are then transplanted into the recipient’s chest cavity.
    • Surgeons connect the donor organs to the recipient’s blood vessels and airways, ensuring proper blood flow and ventilation.
  4. Post-Surgery Care:
    • Patients are closely monitored in the cardio-thoracic intensive care unit (CTICU) for signs of organ rejection, infection, and other complications.
    • Long-term follow-up includes regular check-ups, imaging studies, and biopsies to monitor organ function and detect any early signs of rejection.

Risks and Complications:

  • Rejection: The immune system may attack the transplanted organs, necessitating immunosuppressive medications to prevent this response.
  • Infection: The immunosuppressive drugs increase the risk of infections.
  • Surgical Complications: Bleeding, blood clots, and other surgical risks are present.
  • Organ Dysfunction: The transplanted organs may not function properly immediately after surgery.


  • Improved Quality of Life: Successful transplantation can significantly enhance the patient’s quality of life and functional capacity.
  • Extended Survival: Many patients experience extended survival compared to remaining on mechanical support or medical therapy alone.

A heart and lung transplant can be a life-saving procedure for patients with severe, dual-organ failure. While it carries significant risks, the potential benefits in terms of quality of life and longevity make it a vital option for those who qualify. The process requires careful selection, expert surgical execution, and diligent post-operative care to ensure the best possible outcomes for the recipients.

Key Features of our Advanced Heart & Lung Transplant Program:

  • State-of-the-Art Transplantation Services:
    - Comprehensive heart and lung transplantation solutions.
    - Tailored transplant plans for individualized patient care.
  • Heart Failure Clinic:
    - Specialized clinic addressing heart failure conditions.
    - Advanced diagnostics and personalized treatment strategies.
  • Lung Failure Clinic:
    - Dedicated clinic for the management of lung failure.
    - Cutting-edge diagnostics and innovative treatment approaches.
  • Minimally Invasive Transplant Procedures:
    - Advanced techniques for minimally invasive transplant surgeries.
    - Reduced recovery times and enhanced patient comfort.
  • High Success Rate:
    - Proven success in heart and lung transplantations.
    - A track record of positive outcomes for our patients.
  • Multidisciplinary Transplant Team:
    - Collaboration of experts across cardiology, cardiothoracic surgery, and respiratory care.
    - Comprehensive care with a focus on patient well-being.
  • Cutting-edge Transplant Facilities:
    - Modern infrastructure equipped with advanced transplant technologies.
    - Facilities designed to ensure the highest standards of patient care.
  • Post-Transplant Follow-up Care:
    - Dedicated post-transplant care programs for sustained success.
    - Ongoing support for transplant recipients and their families.
  • Transplant Education and Counseling:
    - Educational resources and counseling for transplant recipients.
    - Empowering patients with knowledge for a successful post-transplant life.

Our Doctors

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Heart and lung transplantation is a highly specialized field of medicine involving the surgical replacement of damaged or diseased hearts and lungs with healthy donor organs. This complex specialty encompasses a multidisciplinary approach, with transplant surgeons, cardiologists, pulmonologists, anesthesiologists, critical care physicians, and rehabilitation specialists collaborating to provide comprehensive care to patients with end-stage heart and lung diseases. The process begins with a thorough evaluation of potential transplant candidates, considering medical, psychosocial, and logistical factors. Organ procurement and allocation involve coordination with organ procurement organizations and participation in organ allocation systems to prioritize organ allocation based on medical urgency and donor-recipient compatibility. Surgical procedures for donor organ retrieval and recipient organ implantation require meticulous technique and intraoperative monitoring to ensure surgical success. Postoperatively, intensive care support and immunosuppressive therapy are provided to optimize graft function and prevent complications. Long-term follow-up includes outpatient care, rehabilitation programs, and psychosocial support services to promote recovery and quality of life post-transplant. Ongoing research and innovation drive advancements in transplant immunology, surgical techniques, and post-transplant care, offering hope for improved outcomes and expanded treatment options in heart and lung transplantation.

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