Rheumatoid Arthritis Awareness Day: 5 lifestyle changes to prevent joint damage

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Orthopaedics and Joint Replacement

Rheumatoid Arthritis Awareness Day: According to the expert, the condition targets joints causing chronic pain. However, the condition can be managed with the help of a few lifestyle changes

New Delhi: Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition that affects joints largely.
On the occasion of Rheumatoid arthritis awareness day, Dr Anup Khatri, senior Consultant- Orthopedics, Glenegales Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, shared that altering lifestyle can help patients manage this condition.
As per the expert, other than joints, if the condition leads to uncontrolled inflammation, patients can experience joint deformities and the erosion of bones over time. Individuals with RA may experience flares, marked by significant symptoms, alternating with periods of remission, during which symptoms subside.

However there are a few lifestyle measures that prevent joint erosion.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: 5 lifestyle changes to prevent joint damage
1. Balanced Diet: Maintaining a diet rich in antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and anti-inflammatory foods can help prevent joint cartilage from Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fish in your diet while limiting processed foods and saturated fats.
2. Regular Exercise: Dr Khatri said, "Engaging in regular physical activity helps maintain joint function and reduces the risk of RA."

Incorporate low-impact exercises like walking, swimming, or yoga to enhance flexibility and strengthen muscles around the joints. Exercise also helps control body weight, which is crucial for joint health.
3. Stress Management: He added that chronic stress may worsen or trigger to the development of RA. Practicing stress-reduction techniques, such as meditation, deep breathing, or mindfulness, can positively impact the immune system and reduce inflammation, potentially lowering the risk of developing autoimmune conditions.
4. Adequate Sleep: Prioritise good sleep hygiene to support overall health and reduce inflammation.
"Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night.
Establish a consistent sleep schedule, create a comfortable sleep environment, and avoid stimulants like caffeine close to bedtime," the expert opined.

5. Avoiding Smoking and Limiting Alcohol:
Smoking is a known risk factor for RA, and excessive alcohol consumption can also contribute to inflammation. Quitting smoking and moderating alcohol intake can significantly reduce the risk of developing RA and improve overall health.
By adopting these lifestyle changes, individuals can create a foundation for joint health, mitigate inflammation, and potentially lower the risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis.
However, it's essential to consult with healthcare professionals for personalised advice and early detection strategies so that Joint and tissues damage can be prevented.


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