What should we know about Endourology?

Urology and Urogynaecology

What Is Endourology? Types, Procedure & More

Endourology is a speciality of urology that focuses on performing surgery on the urinary tract using minimally invasive surgical methods. Small endoscopes and other instruments are used to extract or fragment kidney stones through the urethra, bladder, and ureter. In addition to removing kidney stones, surgeons can identify the underlying cause and work to stop any further development.

The majority of endoscopic operations are performed on outpatients. Since most endourology treatments are outpatient, patients can stay out of the hospital. A surgeon might advise percutaneous removal of the stone in some circumstances involving complicated stone disease. After this operation, the majority of patients stay overnight.

Urology is a field that is constantly developing. Many urologic procedures previously carried out through open surgery can now be completed using a cystoscope, ureteroscope, or laparoscope. It is more crucial than ever for urologists to be able to use these procedures with expertise and proficiency.

Patients are less likely to develop scars or contract an infection with these procedures since they need no or very minor incisions. Compared to open surgery, patients also recover more quickly.

Why Do We Need Endourology?

Specialists can treat various conditions with endourology procedures.

Some conditions treatable by endourology are as below.

  • Urethral or ureteral obstructions.
  • Bladder, kidney, and ureter tumours and stones.
  • The prostate-blocking tissue.

What Are Endourological Procedures?

Endourology differs from conventional urology in that all procedures are carried out internally without needing significant incisions. Laparoscopic or minimally invasive urologic surgery are other names for endourology. A surgeon with specialized training feeds tiny cameras and surgical equipment through a small, flexible tube known as an endoscope

For instance, tiny kidney stones can be found and removed using endourology. Stones may be removed or shattered using microscopic instruments inserted into the body through locations like the urethra, bladder, ureter, and kidney. Doctors can help identify the kidney stone's cause and suggest strategies to stop more stones from forming in addition to providing therapy. It is possible to perform surgery using just thin, flexible equipment like lasers, graspers, tiny stone extraction baskets, specialized scalpels, and cautery. Almost all endoscopic operations are on an outpatient basis.

Among the endourological procedures, some are as follows:

  1. Treatment for urethral obstructions
  2. Treatment for bladder tumours and stones
  3. Treatment for ureteral stones and malignancies
  4. Treatment of kidney cancers and stones.

A few endourological surgeries are vasectomy, cystoscopy, prostate procedures, ureteroscopy, lithotripsy, orchiopexy, penile plication, penile implants & prostheses, and male circumcision

Book an appointment with Dr G C Malakondiah to get your symptoms checked and treated for any endourological disorder.

What Are the Benefits of Endourology?

It is one of the best methods to ensure the patient is free of stones. Even though it only requires a little incision, treating the kidney stone this way is less invasive than performing a full open surgery. The recovery duration reduces, leaving fewer scars.

What Are the Risks of Endourology?

Risk considerations for endourological operations include infection, bleeding, pain, and a burning sensation while urinating.

What Happens Before and After Endourological Procedures?

The following patients with related conditions are recommended endourological procedures to get diagnosed or treated.

  1. People Suffering from Bladder Stones and Tumours
  2. People With Stones and Tumours in the Ureter
  3. People With Obstructions in the Urethra
  4. Problems in the Kidneys or Bladder
  5. People With Abnormal Cavities in the Pelvis or Kidney
  6. People With Pelvic Abnormalities
  7. People With Kidney Lining Tumours and Stones

Cost of Endourological Procedures

In India, numerous endourological operations are carried out. You can book your appointment and consult the endourologist as soon as you observe the symptoms and can determine the specific costs associated with their endourology procedure.

To book an appointment with some of the best endo-urologists in Hyderabad, call Gleneagles Global Hospital, Lakdi-ka-pul

Enquire Now – 040 2349 1000


Endourology is a branch of urology that uses minimally invasive surgical methods to examine and operate the urinary tract. Endoscopes and other tools are inserted into tiny incisions during endourology treatments. However, the majority of the operations make use of the urinary tract's already-existing channels.

Although the endourology procedure can be extended to other organs, endourological surgery is typically performed on the urinary system. The development of robotics and microscopy technologies in recent years has contributed to advancements in endourology.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Who can be a candidate for endourological procedures?

The outcome of an endourologist or laparoscopist assessment determines whether a patient is a good candidate for an endourological surgery. The patient's medical background and the disease's characteristics are considered.

What is an endourological procedure?

Small telescopes and lasers are used in the minimally invasive procedure known as endourology (stone disease) to treat tumours, strictures, and congenital deformities of the bladder, ureter, and kidney.

How long does recovery take after urological surgery?

After three to four weeks after rehabilitation, most men regain organ activity. Most are advised not to lift or move heavy items (even groceries) for the first 3 to 4 weeks and avoid engaging in intense activities.


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